# What is Partial Correlation?

###### What Questions Does Partial Correlation Help Us Answer?

Partial correlation is a statistical method used to explore the relationship between two variables while controlling for the effects of one or more other variables.

This helps us answer questions such as:

• Is the relationship between two variables still significant when we control for the effects of a third variable?
• What is the relationship between two variables when the effects of other variables are held constant?

Imagine you’re studying the relationship between the amount of exercise people do and their weight. But you know that there are other variables that can affect weight, such as age. Partial correlation can help you answer the following questions:

• Is the relationship between exercise and weight still significant when we control for the effects of age?
• What is the relationship between exercise and weight when we hold age constant?

👉 For example, let’s say we’re studying the relationship between the amount of sugar people consume and their risk of developing diabetes. But we know that other variables, such as age and Body Mass Index (BMI), can affect the risk of developing diabetes. By using partial correlation, we can control for the effects of age and BMI and see if the relationship between sugar consumption and diabetes risk is still significant.

Partial correlation can also help us identify which variables are most strongly related to each other. By controlling for the effects of other variables, we can see which variables have a direct and significant relationship.

📊 Understanding partial correlation can help us identify the direct relationship between two variables while controlling for other factors. So next time you’re analyzing data, think like a detective and use partial correlation to get a clearer picture of the relationships between your variables! 🕵️‍♀️🔎