### How do you interpret the significance of statistics?

When presented with a statistical study, it’s important to consider the significance of the results. Here’s a simple guide to help you interpret the statistical and practical significance.  Understand the context: Think about the question the study is trying to answer and the population it’s trying to generalize to. For example, a study may be […]

### Why is it important to question the design of a statistical study?

The design of a statistical study plays a crucial role in determining the level of certainty in its conclusions. To understand this better, let’s look at a few key factors that influence the reliability of a statistical study’s findings using everyday examples that we often come across.  Sample size: Imagine you’re reading a news article […]

### What are best practices for investigating statistical claims?

When evaluating statistical claims, it’s essential to approach them with a critical and curious mindset. Here are some strategies you can use to assess statistical information in everyday situations:  Ask questions: Start by asking yourself a few key questions about the claim. Who is making the claim? What is their objective? Are they trying to […]

### How do you avoid being misled by statistical fallacies?

When consuming statistical information from various sources, it is essential to be aware of common pitfalls, biases, and statistical fallacies that can lead to misleading conclusions. Here are some of the most common issues and how to avoid being misled by them:  1) Confirmation Bias This occurs when people seek out or interpret information in […]

### How do you check whether a statistical study makes sense?

To check whether a statistical study and its conclusions make sense, being a critical and informed consumer of information is important. In this tutorial, I will walk you through some key steps and principles to help you evaluate statistical information using real-world examples from sources like news reports and product ratings.  Identify the source: First […]

### How do you evaluate statistical claims for alternative explanations?

Evaluating statistical results or claims for alternative explanations can be tricky, but with some key tips, you can become more proficient at making sense of the numbers you encounter in your daily life.  1) Understand the context: Before diving into the numbers, it’s crucial to understand the context of the study or claim. What is […]

### What is the difference between correlation and causation?

The concepts of correlation and causation are essential to understanding the relationships between variables. Let’s break them down and discuss how to identify confounding variables.  Correlation refers to a relationship between two variables, where changes in one variable tend to be associated with changes in the other. For example, suppose you notice that ice cream […]

### How do you interpret uncertainty in reported statistics?

When it comes to navigating statistical information, it’s crucial to understand common ways to measure uncertainty. Let’s break them down using real-world examples you might encounter in your everyday life.  Margin of Error (MoE): This is a measure of the possible variation or range in which a statistic might deviate from the true value. In […]

### Why is it important to understand variability in data when interpreting statistics?

Variability in data can have a significant impact on how you interpret statistical results. To better understand this concept, let’s consider a few real-world examples.  Political polls: You might have seen political polls on news websites or social media during election seasons. These polls are used to predict the winning candidate by collecting opinions from […]

### What does it mean when I observe values that contradict reported statistics?

When observed values differ from a reported statistic in a statistical report, it usually means there’s a discrepancy between what you’re seeing in real life or in a sample of data and what the report claims. This can happen for several reasons, and it’s crucial to understand these differences when interpreting statistics in everyday life.  […]